GEMMS: Gateway to Early Modern Manuscript Sermons
NameWilliam III of Orange
TitleKing and Prince
Livedb. 1650-11-14 - d. 1702-03-08 (new)
Linked Manuscripts
Linked SermonsA sermon preached by Mr James Webster in the Tollbooth Church in Edinb: upon the first Sabbath after the sad news of the Death of K. William III d – being 15 March 1702 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Funeral sermon on King William III, on Acts xiii. 36, preached to the Prussian congregation in the Savoy, 19 Apr. 1702 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on 2 Samuel 23:3-4 -- auditor (autograph: yes)Sermon on Galatians 1:10 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on Isaiah 25:9 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on Psalms 136:23 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on Psalms 21:1 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on Psalms 37:11 -- auditor (autograph: uncertain)Sermon on Psalms 92:11 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)Sermon on Romans 5:10 -- auditor (autograph: uncertain)Sermon on Zechariah 8:19 -- subject of sermon (autograph: no)
Linked ReportsLetters of Thomas Tenison -- recipient of letterList of printed sermons -- auditor
Associated Places
Source of DataJennifer Farooq
Biographical Sources ConsultedODNB (Article: 29450)
Other NoteKing of England, Scotland, Ireland and Prince of Orange. Born in the Binnenhof Palace, The Hague on 14 November 1650. He was the only child of Mary Stuart (daughter of Charles I) and William II, Prince of Orange, who died eight days before his son's birth. His father's death resulted in a period of relative political obscurity for the House of Orange. At the end of his guardianship in 1668, he began to take an active role in politics, and with the threat of invasion by France, he began to accrue political and military power, being admitted to the Council of State in 1670, and being appointed admiral and captain general in 1672. The rapid defeat of the Dutch army by France and its allies later that year saw the downfall of republican Jan de Witt and William's elevation to the traditional role of Stadholder. These events set William on a campaign to contain Louis XIV which ultimately led to his interventions in England. His relations with both Charles and James were poor, but in 1687-8 he gained popularity amongst opponents of James' attempts to roll back anti-Catholic legislation, ultimately leading to his invasion and the Glorious Revolution. England accepted his ascension without much resistance, but Ireland resisted, resulting in William arriving with an army and a cohort of preachers to win over the kingdom in June 1689. His victory over James at the Battle of the Boyne on 1 July 1690 earned him a positive legacy amongst Irish Protestants. Personally, William remained a staunch Calvinist committed to the Dutch Reformed order of church government (presbyterian), but was also committed to religious toleration. He accepted the religious order in England and was careful not to side too strongly with religious dissenters against the Anglican majority. Early attempts to ease religious tests for public office were quickly abandoned in the face of Anglican opposition. In Scotland in 1689, he sided with presbyterians to abolish episcopacy in the Scottish church, since the episcopalians were largely jacobite in their political sympathies. He died of pulmonary fever on 8 March 1702.
GEMMS record createdJune 17, 2015
GEMMS record last editedDecember 10, 2018